Treatment for Atrial Septal Defect

Atrial Septal Defect is a birth defect in the heart. It is the presence of a hole in the upper chamber of the heart call the atria. Such defects will increase the blood flow to the lungs and damage the blood vessels. Eventually, it will give rise to high blood pressure, thus heart failure. So it is better to take treatment before the situation gets worse.

There are different types of atrial septal defects based on the position of the hole in the atria. The common methods of treating atrial septal defect include open-heart surgery and cardiac catheterization. There are many hospitals in India, which provide the best treatment for Atrial Septal defects and also for ventricular septal defect surgery

ASD Treatment 

Atrial septal defects treatment depends on the size of the hole in the heart chamber. Every child will have holes in the upper chambers of the heart during pregnancy, and it closes at the time of birth or within a short time after birth. If the defect is small, there is a chance that it will close on its own. But it is better to consult a doctor if you find any symptoms. The doctors specializing in this field will examine the heart regularly and will find whether it closes or not. It is even detect in screening tests before pregnancy, thus measures can be taken earlier.

Atrial septal defect surgery can be done at the child’s age between 2 to 4 years. But in some cases, such a situation arises, that the treatment can only be done after 40 years. Medication won’t be useful in atrial septal defect, but it will reduce the symptoms, and heartbeat rate. The hole in heart surgery mainly involves two methods.

  • Cardiac catheterization

The method of cardiac catheterization involves the use of a device called a catheter to close the hole. The catheter is a long thin flexible tube, that is insert into a large blood vessel leading to the heart. With the help of X-rays, the doctor will move the catheter until it reaches the heart. The device is used to completely check the defects, including the size of the whole.

For closing the hole, the doctor will use a small mesh umbrella-like thing inside the catheter. The catheter will fill the hole correctly with that thing. The cover used for closing will stay in the heart permanently. When the tissues in the heart around it grow, they will get firmly attach. After the whole process, the catheter is remove from the body.

 

Cardiac catheterization is a user-friendly method of treatment that does not involve any cut in the chest. It will take only a little amount of time when compared to open heart surgery. The patient will be completely alright after the treatment, as there are no other physical cuttings in the chest. People will not like to have a scar on the chest, thus it is a better option for them. As the price requirement for both Cardiac catheterization and open heart surgery is almost the same, the patient can opt for any method. The price for cardiac catheterization starts from Rs 2.3 lakhs. Since India is famous for medical tourism and health care services, there are numerous opportunities for people from countries like Ghana to take treatment here. 

  • Open-heart surgery 

Open-heart surgery involves an incision through the chest wall to access the heart directly. In this surgery, the chest is cut to close the hole in the heart. Surgeons use a small patch of thin material or tissues from another part of the body for this purpose. It is mainly does using small incisions and with robotic assistance. When the hole is small, the doctors will directly stitch the holes without any patch. Some atrial defects like premium, sinus venosus, and coronary sinus can only be fix by Open-heart surgery. The patient will have to rest for many days after this surgery, for the body to get recover. ASD closure surgery will cost around Rs 1.5 lakhs to Rs 2.25 lakhs.

Best place for Atrial Septal Defects treatment

India provides Atrial Septal defects treatment at a low cost when compared with other countries. Thus, getting treatment from India is a good choice for everyone in the world. With the help of HBG medical assistance, foreigners can easily find the best hospital suited for them in India.

Summary

Atrial Septal Defect is congenital heart disease, and if left unchecked it can lead to heart failure. This article will help you get detail knowledge about the treatment for Atrial Septal defects. Two common methods for Atrial Septal Defect treatment, are mention in this article are cardiac catheterization and open-heart surgery. People can choose any method based on the type of ASD they have. It is better to choose cardiac catheterization treatment as it involves less risk compared with open heart surgery. But this method is not suitable for primum, sinus venosus, and coronary atrial defects, which can only be treat by open-heart surgery.

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